Under our penal laws, a crime is a public offense against the people. So the charges are filed in court by the Public Prosecutor. But can a private person, particularly the victim, participate in the prosecution of the case even if she is not the one who filed a complaint affidavit? Why? These are the questions answered in this case of Charito. Charito got married to Bert in a civil ceremony solemnized by a city judge. During the subsistence of their marriage about 40 years later, Berto contract